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Cesarea Marítima

Tambien conocida como Caesarea de Straton, Caesarea de Palestine, Caesarea Palaestinae, Colonia Prima Flavia Augusta Caesariensis, Herodian Caesarea, Horvat Qesari, Kaisariyeh, Kessaria, “Metropolis of the province Syria Palaestina,” Migdal Shorshon, Qaisariya, Qaisariyeh, Qaysariyah, Qesari, Qisri, Qisrin, Strato's Tower, Straton's Caesarea, Straton's Tower, Turris Stratonis

Cesarea puerto de Herodes

Puerto de Herodes 

Este lugar no fue de mucha importancia hasta que Herodes el Grande lo convirtió en un puerto esplendoroso adecuado a su reino. El puerto fue construido utilizando materiales que permitieran que el concreto se endureciera bajo el agua. El puerto antiguo de 40 ac (16 ha) era más grande que el de la actualidad y podía acomodar 300 barcos.

 

El Teatro

Herodes el Grande también construyó un teatro con una capacidad para sentar a 3500 personas. De acuerdo a Josefo, aquí murió Herodes Agripa tal como lo relata Hch 12. La cubierta del teatro era de piel de animal y los espectadores probablemente traían cojines para sentarse en las gradas de piedra.

Cesarea teatro

 

Cesarea Palacio Promontorio

Palacio Promontorio

Josefo lo llamó "el palacio mas esplendoroso" que Herodes el Grande haya construido en un promontorio adentrándose en las aguas de Cesarea. La piscina en el centro era casi de tamaño olímpico y estaba llena con agua fresca. Una estatua estuvo en el centro de la misma. Pablo pudo haber estado preso en los terrenos de este palacio (Hch 23:25).

 

El Acueducto

La falta de agua fresca en la nueva ciudad de Herodes requirió tener un largo acueducto para traer agua desde los manantiales en la base del Monte Carmelo casi a 17 km de allí. Para lograr que el agua fluyera atraída por la gravedad, el acueducto fue construido en arcos. La pendiente fue medida cuidadosamente. Tiempo después Adriano y los cruzados adjuntarían canales adicionales al acueducto de Herodes.

Cesarea Acueducto

Otros Sitios Web en Inglés

Combined Caesarea Expeditions The official website for the excavations at Caesarea, "combining excavations in the terrestrial remains of Caesarea with investigations of the site's ancient harbor."  Beautiful photographs including aerial, candid, and underwater shots of the excavations.  Also includes links to the field reports from each season of excavations and  information on how to volunteer for the dig.

Caesarea: From Roman City to Crusader Fortress (Israel MFA)  Contains sections highlighting the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, and Crusader periods in the history of the site.  Includes several pictures alongside relevant text. Copy of this page at Jewish Virtual Library

Caesarea (Walking in Their Sandals) Gives easy-to-read information on the location, biblical significance, etc.  Features links to photographs and on-line scripture references.

Caesarea (Christian Travel Study Program) Features several good pictures with excellent identifying captions, accompanied by text highlighting interesting features of the region. 

Caesarea Maritima (BibArch.com) Features informative links within the text to other relevant articles within the site and a "words and phrases glossary."  Also offers a "Scripture Summary" section.

Caesarea (Virtual Israel Experience) An extension of the Jewish Virtual Library, this user-friendly page gives a readable account of the history of the site, along with a summary of the important archaeological finds, and modern features of the area.

Caesarea Maritima (Into His Own) A brief, encyclopedia-type article with multiple links to related topics for further study.

Caesarea (WebBible Encyclopedia, ChristianAnswers.Net)  Interests the reader with both physically and biblically descriptive facts, including internal links to related topics.

Caesarea Maritima (PBS.org) Utilizes information gathered for a special series on PBS' Frontline on the rise of Christianity. Text follows the development of Caesarea throughout the first few centuries.

Caesarea Maritima in Israel (The Church of Christ in Zion, IL, by David Padfield) Spotlights "one of the most important cities in Israel during the time of Christ," reviewing its significance in New Testament times and following historical periods. Also discusses relevant biblical passages and highlights items of archaeological interest. Includes links to the author's pictures throughout the text.

Caesarea (Crystalinks) Reviews the historical and archaeological importance of this site with unique attention to interesting historical details.

The Underwater Excavations in Caesarea (University of Haifa Center for Maritime Studies) A technical article featuring the archaeological findings in the fascinating process of underwater excavation.

Caesarea (Unbound Bible) Briefly highlights the Acts 18 passage which mentions the city and the importance of the seaport in Roman times. No pictures. 

Sebastos-Virtual Caesarea Maritima (Personal Page) An extremely detailed page with a click-able map which takes you to primary sources, pictures, and links pertaining to various parts of the city. Offers opportunity for fairly extensive research on this site.

Caesarea (Personal Page) Limited text, but site features several excellent unique pictures.

Caesarea (Personal Page, Journeys of Paul) Offers a brief glimpse of Caesarea in the context of Paul's third missionary journey.

What is Underwater Archaeology? (Nordic Underwater Archaeology)  Introduces the concept of underwater archaeology for those more interested in the methods being used in Caesarea.